Knee Conditions & Procedures
The knee is the largest and most complex joint in the body. It is designed to carry much of the force of bending such as stair climbing and rising from a seated position.
Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into the knee joint. The arthroscope is connected to a screen by fibre-optic cable to enable direct visualisation of the structures inside the joint.
The knee joint, like all synovial joints, is lined by extremely smooth tissue called articular cartilage.
Healthy cartilage is a white smooth material. It serves as a protective cushion, allowing smooth, low-friction movement of the joints as one bone end moves on the other.
The anterior cruciate ligament is made of strong collagen fibres that connect the femur to the tibia in the centre of the knee.
Ligaments are tough, non-stretchable fibers that connect the bones at the joints. Injury to ligaments may cause the joint to become unstable.
Total knee replacement surgery aims to relieve pain, reduce symptoms, restore mobility, and regain function.
Revision knee replacement is required if your knee implants wear out, loosen from the bone, or become unstable or infected.
Arthritis is a general term covering more than 100 conditions where the joint surface (cartilage) wears out. The joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface that allows low friction movement and shock absorption at the joint.
To cater for the sports enthusiast and injured professional and recreational athletes I run regular afternoon Acute Knee Injury Clinics. Call 83826199 for details and appointments.
Partial Knee Replacement or Unicondylar Knee Replacement simply means that only a part of the knee joint is replaced. It is indicated when only one side of the knee (medial or lateral) is worn out through arthritis.
Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
- ACL Injury: Should it be fixed?
- Activities After a Knee Replacement
- Additional Resources on the Knee
- Adolescent Anterior Knee Pain
- Arthritis of the Knee
- Care of the Aging Knee: Baby Boomers May Need Lifestyle Changes
- Cemented and Cementless Knee Replacement
- Deep Vein Thrombosis
- Frequently Asked Questions about Osteoarthritis of the Knee
- Pes Anserinus Bursitis of the Knee
- Knee Arthroscopy
- Knee Arthroscopy Exercise Guide
- Knee Implants
- Knee Replacement Exercise Guide
- Prepatellar Bursitis
- Meniscal Tear
- Meniscal Transplants
- Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement
- Nonsurgical Treatment Options for Osteoarthritis of the Knee
- Orthopaedists Research Female Knee Problems
- Osgood-Schlatter Disease (Knee Pain)
- Osteonecrosis of the Knee
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Tear
- Rotating Platform/Mobile-bearing Knees
- Runner’s Knee (Patellofemoral Pain)
- Surgical Treatment of Osteoarthritis of the Knee
- The Knee
- Total Knee Replacement
- Unstable Kneecap
- Viscosupplementation Treatment for Arthritis